What is Stockholm Syndrome

Stockholm syndrome is a psychological phenomenon in which a victim of kidnapping or hostage taking develops a psychological bond with their captor. This bond can manifest in a number of ways, including feelings of trust, sympathy, and even love.

The term “Stockholm syndrome” was first coined in 1973, after a bank robbery in Stockholm, Sweden. During the robbery, four employees of the Kreditbanken bank were held hostage for six days. During this time, the hostages developed a strong bond with their captors, even defending them after they were released.

What causes Stockholm syndrome?

The exact cause of Stockholm syndrome is not fully understood, but it is thought to be a combination of factors, including:

  • The power imbalance between the hostage and the captor. When a person is in a situation where they feel completely powerless, they may be more likely to develop a bond with their captor, even if that captor is abusive.
  • The stress of the situation. The stress of being kidnapped or held hostage can be overwhelming, and it can lead to a number of psychological changes, including the development of Stockholm syndrome.
  • The captor’s behavior. Captors who are kind and understanding may be more likely to elicit positive feelings from their hostages.

Symptoms of Stockholm syndrome

People with Stockholm syndrome may experience a range of symptoms, including:

  • Feelings of trust, sympathy, and even love for their captor.
  • A sense of identification with their captor.
  • A desire to protect their captor.
  • A negative view of the police or other authorities.

Treatment for Stockholm syndrome

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for Stockholm syndrome, but therapy can be helpful. Therapy can help people to understand the syndrome and to develop coping mechanisms for dealing with the trauma they have experienced.

Is Stockholm syndrome real?

The existence of Stockholm syndrome is a controversial topic. Some people believe that it is a real psychological phenomenon, while others believe that it is simply a way of explaining why people sometimes develop positive feelings towards their captors.

There is some evidence to support the existence of Stockholm syndrome. For example, studies have shown that people who have been held hostage are more likely to develop positive feelings towards their captors than people who have not been held hostage.

However, it is important to note that not everyone who is held hostage develops Stockholm syndrome. In fact, the condition is relatively rare.


Stockholm syndrome is a complex psychological phenomenon that is not fully understood. However, it is clear that it can have a significant impact on the victims of kidnapping and hostage taking. If you or someone you know has been the victim of a kidnapping or hostage taking, it is important to seek professional help.

You might also like
Tags: , , , , ,

More Similar Posts